# Equilateral triangle     (1 votes, average: 5.00 out of 5) Loading... The equilateral triangle is the regular polygon simplest. Its three sides are equal. Therefore, their angles are also the three equal.

Since all angles are equal and the angles are the sum of 180º, their three interior angles are 60º (180º/3=60º).

## Altitude of an Equilateral Triangle The altitude (h) of the equilateral triangle (or the height) can be calculated from Pythagorean theorem. The sides a, a/2 and h form a right triangle. The sides a/2 and h are the legs and a the hypotenuse.

Applying the Pythagorean theorem: And we obtain that the height (h) of equilateral triangle is:  Another procedure to calculate its height would be from trigonometric ratios.

With respect to the angle of 60º, the ratio between altitude h and the hypotenuse of triangle a is equal to sine of 60º. Therefore: ## Area of an Equilateral Triangle An equilateral triangle has three equal sides and angles. As in any type of triangle, its area is equal to half of the product of its base and height. So if the altitude of an equilateral triangle is: The area it will be defined by the following formula: ## Perimeter of an equilateral triangle The equilateral triangle has all three sides equal, so its perimeter will be three times the length of one of its sides (a). Download this calculator to get the results of the formulas on this page. Choose the initial data and enter it in the upper left box. For results, press ENTER.

Note. Courtesy of the author: José María Pareja Marcano. Chemist. Seville, Spain.

## Resolved Exercises

### Exercise of the Equilateral Triangle Area Find the area of an equilateral triangle in which its three equal sides have the length a=5 cm.

What is its area?

Applying the above formula: The area is 10.83 cm2.

### Exercise of the Equilateral Triangle Perimeter Being a equilateral triangle with all sides equal in length a=5 cm.

What is its perimeter?

Applying the above formula: We obtain that the perimeter of this equilateral triangle is 15 cm.

AUTHOR: Bernat Requena Serra

YEAR: 2018