What Is Mathematics?
Mathematics arises from the concern of the human being to explain natural phenomena that had a clear numerical relationship (such as the cycles of the day, the distance between objects, plant growth). This knowledge has been developed from the past to what is known as mathematics today.
Mathematics is the science that is responsible for studying the properties and relationships between abstract entities. This science starts from axioms that are considered to be true and tries to explain everything else. For example, natural numbers are built with the axiom that says that the next number of a natural number is also a natural number and another axiom that says that object 1 is a natural number.
We can divide mathematics into four areas:
- Geometry, trigonometry and topology
- Statistic, and probability
Some authors exclude statistics and probability as a branch of mathematics and consider it as a different discipline.